Use or reproduction of these materials, in whole or in part, by any non-academic organization whether or not for non-commercial (including research) or commercial purposes is prohibited, except with written permission of McMaster University. See the Use or Download Copyright & Disclaimer.

Exception: Ontologies at the Comprehensive Antibiotic Resistance Database are freely available under the Creative Commons CC-BY license version 4.0

The Antibiotic Resistance Ontology (ARO), draft Mobilome Ontology (MOBIO), draft Virulence Ontology (VIRO), and Resistance Gene Identifier (RGI) are also available at GitHub. The ARO is registered at the OBO Foundry.

A Note on Ongoing Revisions of the Antibiotic Resistance Ontology

Download sequences for selected ontology term

Sequences will be selected using relationships within the Antibiotic Resistance Ontology, which may reflect simple membership (is_a) or biological processes such as regulation (regulates), evolution (derives_from), sub-units in protein complexes (part_of), drug targets (targeted_by, targeted_by_drug), or drug resistance (confers_resistance_to, confers_resistance_to_drug). In addition, AMR genes are part_of resistance mechanisms. For example, is_a can be used to download all TEM beta-lactamases but is_a and part_of used to download all efflux proteins, including sub-units. Adding regulates to an efflux search would additionally include regulatory proteins. At minimum, we recommend use of is_a and part_of for most downloads.