|CARD Short Name
|A macrolide glycosyltransferase encoded by the gimA gene in Streptomyces ambofaciens, a natural producer of the macrolide antibiotic spiramycin. Chalcomycin, methymycin, tylosin, pikromycin, rosaramicin, oleandomycin, josamycin, and carbomycin are preferred substrates of gimA glycosyltransferase, while erythromycin and spiramycin have notably low binding affinities. GimA may be able to inactivate spiramycin precursors. Described by Gourmelen et al. 1998.
|AMR Gene Family
|gimA family macrolide glycosyltransferase
|10 ontology terms | Show
+ process or component of antibiotic biology or chemistry
+ mechanism of antibiotic resistance
+ determinant of antibiotic resistance
+ antibiotic inactivation [Resistance Mechanism]
+ antibiotic inactivation enzyme
+ glycosylation of antibiotic conferring resistance
+ antibiotic molecule
+ macrolide inactivation enzyme
+ macrolide glycosyltransferase
+ macrolide antibiotic [Drug Class]
|5 ontology terms | Show
Gourmelen A, et al. 1998. Antimicrob Agents Chemother 42(10): 2612-2619. Characterization of a glycosyl transferase inactivating macrolides, encoded by gimA from Streptomyces ambofaciens. (PMID 9756764)
Prevalence of gimA among the sequenced genomes, plasmids, and whole-genome shotgun assemblies available at NCBI or IslandViewer for 413 important pathogens (see methodological details and complete list of analyzed pathogens). Values reflect percentage of genomes, plasmids, genome islands, or whole-genome shotgun assemblies that have at least one hit to the AMR detection model. Default view includes percentages calculated based on Perfect plus Strict RGI hits. Select the checkbox to view percentages based on only Perfect matches to AMR reference sequences curated in CARD (note: this excludes resistance via mutation as references in protein variant models are often wild-type, sensitive sequences).
|No prevalence data
Model Type: protein homolog model
Model Definition: Protein Homolog Models (PHM) detect protein sequences based on their similarity to a curated reference sequence, using curated BLASTP bitscore cut-offs. Protein Homolog Models apply to all genes that confer resistance through their presence in an organism, such as the presence of a beta-lactamase gene on a plasmid. PHMs include a reference sequence and a bitscore cut-off for detection using BLASTP. A Perfect RGI match is 100% identical to the reference protein sequence along its entire length, a Strict RGI match is not identical but the bit-score of the matched sequence is greater than the curated BLASTP bit-score cutoff, Loose RGI matches have a bit-score less than the curated BLASTP bit-score cut-off.
Bit-score Cut-off (blastP): 700