Accession ARO:3003018
CARD Short NamedfrA22
DefinitiondfrA22 is an integron-encoded dihydrofolate reductase found in Salmonella enterica.
AMR Gene Familytrimethoprim resistant dihydrofolate reductase dfr
Drug Classdiaminopyrimidine antibiotic
Resistance Mechanismantibiotic target replacement
Resistomes with Perfect MatchesPseudomonas aeruginosap+wgs, Pseudomonas putidawgs
Resistomes with Sequence VariantsPseudomonas aeruginosap+wgs, Pseudomonas putidawgs
Classification9 ontology terms | Show
Parent Term(s)3 ontology terms | Show
+ trimethoprim resistant dihydrofolate reductase dfr [AMR Gene Family]
+ derives_from antibiotic sensitive dihydrofolate reductase
+ confers_resistance_to_antibiotic trimethoprim [Antibiotic]

Peirano G, et al. 2006. J Antimicrob Chemother 58(2): 305-309. Occurrence of integrons and antimicrobial resistance genes among Salmonella enterica from Brazil. (PMID 16782743)

Stalder T, et al. 2014. ISME J 8(4):768-77 Quantitative and qualitative impact of hospital effluent on dissemination of the integron pool. (PMID 24152716)


Prevalence of dfrA22 among the sequenced genomes, plasmids, and whole-genome shotgun assemblies available at NCBI or IslandViewer for 413 important pathogens (see methodological details and complete list of analyzed pathogens). Values reflect percentage of genomes, plasmids, genome islands, or whole-genome shotgun assemblies that have at least one hit to the AMR detection model. Default view includes percentages calculated based on Perfect plus Strict RGI hits. Select the checkbox to view percentages based on only Perfect matches to AMR reference sequences curated in CARD (note: this excludes resistance via mutation as references in protein variant models are often wild-type, sensitive sequences).

Prevalence: protein homolog model (view sequences)

SpeciesNCBI ChromosomeNCBI PlasmidNCBI WGSNCBI GI
Pseudomonas aeruginosa0%2.05%0.2%0%
Pseudomonas putida0%0%0.53%0%
Show Perfect Only

Detection Models

Model Type: protein homolog model

Model Definition: Protein Homolog Models (PHM) detect protein sequences based on their similarity to a curated reference sequence, using curated BLASTP bitscore cut-offs. Protein Homolog Models apply to all genes that confer resistance through their presence in an organism, such as the presence of a beta-lactamase gene on a plasmid. PHMs include a reference sequence and a bitscore cut-off for detection using BLASTP. A Perfect RGI match is 100% identical to the reference protein sequence along its entire length, a Strict RGI match is not identical but the bit-score of the matched sequence is greater than the curated BLASTP bit-score cutoff, Loose RGI matches have a bit-score less than the curated BLASTP bit-score cut-off.

Bit-score Cut-off (blastP): 300

>gb|AGY30828.1|+|dfrA22 [uncultured bacterium]

>gb|KF525301.1|+|106-603|dfrA22 [uncultured bacterium]