|CARD Short Name
|Point mutations in Shigella flexneri gyrA observed to confer resistance to fluoroquinolone antibiotics.
|AMR Gene Family
|fluoroquinolone resistant gyrA
|antibiotic target alteration
|11 ontology terms | Show
+ process or component of antibiotic biology or chemistry
+ mechanism of antibiotic resistance
+ antibiotic target alteration [Resistance Mechanism]
+ mutation conferring antibiotic resistance
+ determinant of antibiotic resistance
+ antibiotic resistant gene variant or mutant
+ antibiotic resistant DNA topoisomerase subunit
+ antibiotic molecule
+ fluoroquinolone antibiotic [Drug Class]
+ antibiotic resistant DNA topoisomerase subunit gyrA
+ fluoroquinolone resistant DNA topoisomerase
|3 ontology terms | Show
Qin T, et al. 2016. Eur. J. Clin. Microbiol. Infect. Dis. : Novel mutations in quinolone resistance-determining regions of gyrA, gyrB, parC and parE in Shigella flexneri clinical isolates from eastern Chinese populations between 2001 and 2011. (PMID 27620866)
Prevalence of Shigella flexneri gyrA conferring resistance to fluoroquinolones among the sequenced genomes, plasmids, and whole-genome shotgun assemblies available at NCBI or IslandViewer for 413 important pathogens (see methodological details and complete list of analyzed pathogens). Values reflect percentage of genomes, plasmids, genome islands, or whole-genome shotgun assemblies that have at least one hit to the AMR detection model. Default view includes percentages calculated based on Perfect plus Strict RGI hits. Select the checkbox to view percentages based on only Perfect matches to AMR reference sequences curated in CARD (note: this excludes resistance via mutation as references in protein variant models are often wild-type, sensitive sequences).
|No prevalence data
Model Type: protein variant model
Model Definition: Protein Variant Models (PVM) perform a similar search as Protein Homolog Models (PHM), i.e. detect protein sequences based on their similarity to a curated reference sequence, but secondarily screen query sequences for curated sets of mutations to differentiate them from antibiotic susceptible wild-type alleles. PVMs are designed to detect AMR acquired via mutation of house-keeping genes or antibiotic targets, e.g. a mutated gyrase resistant to aminocoumarin antibiotics. PVMs include a protein reference sequence (often from antibiotic susceptible wild-type alleles), a curated bit-score cut-off, and mapped resistance variants. Mapped resistance variants may include any or all of single point mutations, insertions, or deletions curated from the scientific literature. A Strict RGI match has a BLASTP bit-score above the curated BLASTP cutoff value and contains at least one curated mutation from amongst the mapped resistance variants, while a Loose RGI match has a bit-score less than the curated BLASTP bit-score cut-off but still contains at least one curated mutation from amongst the mapped resistance variants.
Bit-score Cut-off (blastP): 1500